After the Russian takeover of the Crimea, several mysterious groups have appeared in eastern Ukraine, taking control of local centers of power. Western powers claim Russia is engaging in a new style of small-scale warfare. Vladimir Putin denies the gunmen are controlled by Moscow. Some observers believe the photos are not of Russian secret agents, but are digital created using programs like Photoshop. Wayne Madsen is an investigative journalist who has been researching foreign policy of the United States for several years. He believes the armed personnel in the area are not Russian, but are controlled by a different force. He is also the author of "The CIA: Photoshopping a Crisis into a War." in this article, Madsen details problems with the idea the gunmen are from Russia.