According to Thomas Drake, a former National Security Agency senior executive who blew the whistle on the agency's reckless spending and spying in 2006, a previously unknown NSA surveillance program known as FAIRVIEW aims to "own the Internet."
Last month, former NSA contractor Edward Snowden leaked a series of PowerPoint slides to the Washington Post and the Guardian revealing that the agency was engaged in a large-scale Internet surveillance program, dubbed PRISM, that collects Americans' chats, emails, photos, and videos. One of the slides, only later released by the two papers, made reference to a group of additional "upstream" collection programs, including two named FAIRVIEW and BLARNEY, but gave no further details about their function.
Drake, who was prosecuted under the Espionage Act for his whistleblowing, explained the upstream programs to the Daily Dot.
"Upstream means you get inside the system before it's in the Internet. In its pure form," he said.
About the slide, Drake said, "you've got programs and umbrella programs." FAIRVIEW is one such umbrella. Drake referred to it as a "highly classified program" for tapping into the world's intercontinental fiber optic cables.
"It's just a name," Drake said, "that at the highest level means to own the Internet."
According to Drake, an article published this week in the Washington Post reveals one such instance of FAIRVIEW. The story describes a contract signed between the Asian telecom giant Global Crossing and the U.S. government. "The agreements," the Post reported, "do not authorize surveillance. But they ensure that when U.S. government agencies seek access to the massive amounts of data flowing through their networks, the companies have systems in place to provide it securely."
Domestically, similar efforts to tap into the Internet were leaked by a former AT&T Computer Network Associate Mark Klein, who witnessed the agency attaching splitters to the company's San Francisco office. "What I know of the splitters," Klein said, "is that they get everything."
According to Drake, beneath the umbrella of FAIRVIEW, programs like BLARNEY collect and analyze the data that is made accessible by secret arrangements like the one with Global Crossing. "BLARNEY is a key access program facilitated by these commercial arrangements that exploits the Internet data at these junctions," Drake said. "BLARNEY is to the international Internet space as PRISM is to the domestic."