In the last few years the U.S. Forest Service has been quietly revising its internal rules concerning the management of the National Forests ("N.F."), to include severe restrictions on the diversion and use of surface and groundwater. It is worth noting at the outset that Congress specifically granted the citizens of the U.S. the right to obtain private water rights under state law on federal land. See the Mining Acts of 1866 (30 U.S.C. ? 51); the Mining Acts of 1870 (30 U.S.C. ? 52), the Desert Land Act of 1877 (43 U.S.C. ? 321); and California Oregon Power Co. v. Beaver Portland Cement Co., 295 U.S. 142, 158 & 162 (1935).