This is older but I believe most State's enacted this legislation. Of particular concern in the Act are the following provisions:
A "public health emergency" can be declared not only for bioterrorism attacks, but also for epidemics, pandemic disease or natural disasters.
The terms "epidemic disease", "pandemic disease" and "natural disaster" are not defined, leaving public health officials ample room for their own interpretation.
There are no limits on the number or types of tests that can be performed on individuals, or on the bodily specimens that can be collected. DNA and genetic testing are not excluded.
Loss of Civil Rights
Although due process is allowed, the Act permits state officials to identify and train personnel to serve as "emergency judges" to deal with citizen appeals of forced quarantine and isolation. Such training may be biased.
Citizens are required to submit to medical examinations, vaccinations, and quarantine against their will if a public health emergency is declared.
Public health officials are given authority to "collect specimens and perform tests on any person" even if they are healthy with no history of exposure to disease.
Health care professionals who refuse to provide forced medical examinations or vaccinations can be charged with a misdemeanor.
Citizens who refuse to comply can be detained and charged with a misdemeanor.
Police officers will be placed under the authority of health department officials.
Medical Privacy Violations
Regular ongoing reporting of individual patients and purchase of medication is required. Health care professionals, health care facilities, coroners, medical examiners and pharmacists must provide information (name, date of birth, sex, race, address, name of health care provider) to the state health department if there is the "potential" for bioterrorism, epidemic or pandemic disease. No patient consent is required.
Broad access to patient medical records is permitted without patient consent for research related to epidemics and infectious disease, including to unnamed "appropriate federal agencies or authorities." There are no requirements that the individually- identifiable data will be deleted, or not used or shared for other purposes, once the public health emergency order is terminated.
Public health officials can assume control of hospital and clinic operations.
State control of communication facilities, food distribution, fuel supply, and real estate is authorized.
State rationing of food, fuel, clothing, alcohol, firearms, and other commodities is authorized.
The Model State Emergency Health Powers Act, prepared for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, was written by Lawrence O. Gostin, J.D., Professor and Director of the Center for Law and the Public's Health at Georgetown University Law Center. It is meant to provide a template for state legislation. A draft version of the Act was released October 23, 2001. more at url