The announcement comes in response to measles outbreaks across Europe, with 79 cases reported in France in January and February alone. Philippe branded the state of affairs "unacceptable".
The resurfacing of diseases like measles is believed to be caused by people believing less and less in the power of vaccines.
In France, a recent survey found that 3 in 10 people don't trust vaccines, with only 52 percent stating they believed that the benefits outweighed the risks.
Italy has also seen a worrying increase in measles infections - the number of cases in April was five times higher than the same month in 2016.