Then, everything changed as if on a dime, and in recent months the dominant topic has been global coordinated tightening - and in some cases even revisions to central bank mandates and the lowering of inflation targets - perhaps as a result of central banks' realization that monetizing debt by central banks leads to bad outcomes, not to mention global asset bubbles.
But not everywhere.
On Sunday, Algeria's prime minister unveiled a plan to plug the country's budget deficit as the the OPEC member state looks to offset lower oil revenue by directly borrowing from the central bank, while avoiding international debt markets. In other words, direct monetization of debt, which bypasses commercial banks as a monetary intermediate, and is better known as "helicopter money."
According to Bloomberg, the five-year plan presented by Prime Minister Ahmed Ouyahia aims to balance the budget by 2022, and reverse a deficit that ballooned with the plunge in global crude prices, which also cut foreign reserves by nearly half.