"History," Winston Churchill said, "will be kind to me, for I intend to write it myself." He needn't have bothered. He was one of the great mass murderers of the 20th century, yet is the only one, unlike Hitler and Stalin, to have escaped historical odium in the West. He has been crowned with a Nobel Prize (for literature, no less), and now, an actor portraying him (Gary Oldman) has been awarded an Oscar.
As Hollywood confirms, Churchill's reputation (as what Harold Evans has called "the British Lionheart on the ramparts of civilization") rests almost entirely on his stirring rhetoric and his talent for a fine phrase during World War II. "We shall not flag nor fail. We shall go on to the end. … We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets. … We shall never surrender." (The revisionist British historian John Charmley dismissed this as "sublime nonsense.")