Seven southern nation States of America walked out of the Second Session of the Thirty-sixth Congress on March 27, 1861.
In so doing, the Constitutional due process quorum necessary for Congress to vote was (temporarily) lost and Congress was adjourned sine die, or "without day." To some, this meant that there was no lawful quorum to set a specific day and time to reconvene. Some say that according to Robert's Rules of Order, Congress automatically dissolved because there are no provisions within the Constitution allowing the passage of any Congressional vote without a quorum of the States. Keep in mind that Robert's Rules of Order was created and published by Henry Martyn Robert who was born in South Carolina in 1837. He sold a half million copies of his rules by 1914. Those rules were not made a part of the Constitution or any Amendment to the Constitution. According to The Constitution, Congress was only required to meet at least once in every year on a specific date unless changed by law and a smaller number may adjourn from day to day. Therefore, because there were no other provisions, dissolution does not take place unless "the people", the creators thereof, or the posterity thereof, the sovereigns of the states, say so.
Because the King's men did not attend a meeting required by Him does not constitute a loss of the King's kingdom or His government. It just means that such men may loose their heads for not obeying the King.
The King in this case is the people
or "We, the people"
"...to prevent abuses in our government, we will assemble in Convention, recall our delegated powers, and punish our servants for abusing the trust reposed to them."
--paraphrased by Patrick Henry, June 1788
On April 15, 1861,
President Lincoln reconvened Congress under the Executive branch by proclamation (number 1):
"I do hereby, in virtue of the power in me vested by the Constitution, convene both Houses of Congress."
Ceasar (President) is now in full control even over the Senate (Congress).
A Presidential dictatorship has been imposed on U.S. citizens. The sad thing is, "Most American people do not realize it yet."
The corporate government created in 1871 will continue to exist as long as:"state of war" or "emergency" exists (War on Drugs, War on Poverty, War on Terrorism, War on Iraq, etc.),
the President does not terminate "martial" or "emergency" powers by Executive Order or decree, or
the people do not resist submission and terminate by restoring lawful civil courts, processes and procedures under authority of the "inherent political powers" of the people.
The Fourteenth Amendment for all intents and purposes does not exist. On March 28, 1861 Congress adjourned sine die and never has reconvened de jure.
The original Thirteenth Amendment (no title of nobility), approved by 13 of the 17 states March 12, 1819 and thereby ratified, is the last proper draft of a de jure Amendment but is not recognized by the corporate (de facto) UNITED STATES.
The original 13th Amendment prohibits "Esquires" (Attorneys) from holding positions of public office.