IPFS

Historic Constitutional Changes in Russia

Written by Subject: Russia

Historic Constitutional Changes in Russia

by Stephen Lendman (stephenlendman.org - Home - Stephen Lendman)

In January during an address to Russian lawmakers, Vladimir Putin proposed long overdue changes to the country's out-of-date Constitution.

They include what Sputnik International called "a heavy focus on social and organizational/governance issues" — notably guaranteeing a living wage and indexation of pensions in line with inflation.

Other amendments include a presidential advisory State Council to "ensur(e) the coordinated functioning and interaction of state authorities, as well as determining the main directions of domestic and foreign policy."

There's much more, including how key Kremlin officials are chosen, the lower house State Duma and upper house Federation Council to be involved in the process.

The Constitutional Court's powers are expanded — to sign off on the constitutionality of laws before taking effect.

Dual citizenship is prohibited for government officials.

Sputnik explained that this amendment "forces…officials (with dual citizenships) to make up their minds as to whom they serve and compels them to choose their loyalties accordingly," adding:

The amended Constitution "aim(s) to protect Russia's sovereignty and territorial integrity, prohibiting any attempts or calls to alienate part of its territory."

Putin may seek two more terms as president, potentially permitting him to remain in office until 2036.

While presidential terms are limited to two consecutive ones, time in the nation's highest office up to now is excluded, Putin able to run again two more times if he wishes.

Currently age-67, he'd be 84-years-old if remains in office until 2036.

Russia's current Constitution was adopted in 1993, following the Soviet Union's December 26, 1991 dissolution.

Heavily influenced by Western advisors, it's out-of-date and inappropriate for today's Russia, why amending it significantly was long overdue.

The newly adopted Constitution is a modern-day Russian declaration of independence, according to its amended highest body of laws.

In polar opposite fashion to how the US Constitution was adopted — by its ruling class exclusively, ordinary Americans with no say — Russians voted by national referendum on whether to adopt the new amendments up or down, how democracy is supposed to work.

According to Russia's Central Election Commission (CEC) on Thursday with all ballots tabulated, an overwhelming 77.92% of voters backed the amendments — a significant endorsement of what Putin proposed months earlier.

A statement by CEC head Ella Pamfilova said "(t)here is no doubt that (results are) legitimate, but this will be officially confirmed at a CEC session that will take place very soon."

On Wednesday, she said turnout was almost 65%, the process completed with little evidence of irregularities.

According to Main Directorate for Political-Military Affairs of the Russian Armed Forces head Andrey Kartapolov, "more than 1.5 million military people voted," a turnout of over 99%.

Clearly they were "encouraged" to vote.

European Parliament legislator Helene Laporte observed the process, saying the following:

"…I can say that the voting here meets all the democratic requirements," adding:

"The right to vote has been granted to absolutely everyone, even disabled persons and those who cannot get to a polling place can vote at home" online.

The US Constitution is far short of a masterfully crafted supreme law of the land.

Even its first 10 amendments, the Bill of Rights, were agreed on by political compromise to serve the nation's privileged class, granting them rights and protections not afforded woman, Blacks considered property, not people, and most others.

Adopted in 1787, the Bill of Rights in 1791, both were products of scheming politicians today we'd call a Wall Street crowd.

A government serving the interests of privileged men was created.

From then to now, they've lied, connived, used or abused the law at their whim, and pretty much operate ad libitum to discharge their duties as they wish — exclusive of the public interest.

The American revolution amounted to secession by the nation's privileged class — establishing similar government under new management.

The process Russia used to amend its Constitution was similar to how Bolivarian Venezuela's supreme law of the land was created under Hugo Chavez — by national referendum, voting-age citizens of both countries empowered to have final say.

In both nations, adoption was overwhelming, a positive change.

The US is run much like it's been from inception, serving privileged interests exclusively, most others exploited so they benefit.

Bolivarian Venezuela and Russia support world peace, equity, justice, the rule of law, other democratic values, and cooperative relations with other nations.

Their way is polar opposite how the US is governed — seeking dominance over other countries, waging war by hot and other means on ones not subservient to its interests.

Governance of all nations is far from perfect. Yet if run like nonbelligerent countries the US targets for regime change, a new era of peace and stability would be possible.

It's clearly out of reach as long as Washington pursues its imperial objectives.

It's the greatest threat above all others to everyone, risking another global war that could end life on earth if waged with today's super-weapons.

VISIT MY WEBSITE: stephenlendman.org (Home - Stephen Lendman). Contact at lendmanstephen@sbcglobal.net.

My two Wall Street books are timely reading:

"How Wall Street Fleeces America: Privatized Banking, Government Collusion, and Class War"

https://www.claritypress.com/product/how-wall-street-fleeces-america/

"Banker Occupation: Waging Financial War on Humanity"

https://www.claritypress.com/product/banker-occupation-waging-financial-war-on-humanity/

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