"Cities everywhere are challenged by congestion, pollution, crime, aging infrastructure, falling budgets and many other issues. They need new strategies and new technologies to address those challenges. Smart technology is a key piece of the solution. But smart city projects come with price tags. And many smart technologies are relatively new and haven't established the kind of track record financiers want to see, which makes securing capital investments even more challenging. Happily, there are numerous financing tools available to help cities and regional governments pay for smart city projects. This guide highlights 28 of the most promising — including alternatives to the traditional funding mechanisms municipalities have used for decades. It also includes: • Detailed analyses of each option based on 10 characteristics to help decision makers easily identify the best tools for specific types of projects. • Examples of how these tools are being used today.. The Smart Cities Council is grateful to the Arizona State University Center for Urban Innovation for the financial expertise and insights that made this Smart Cities Finance Guide possible. Please refer to page 76 to learn about the authors and the Center."
Jesse Berst, Chairman, Smart Cities Council
Three-time Oscar nominee Johnny Depp ("Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street," "Finding Neverland," the "Pirates of the Caribbean" films) stars as notorious mobster Whitey Bulger in the drama "Black Mass," directed by Scott Cooper ("Crazy Heart").
The film also stars Joel Edgerton ("The Great Gatsby," "Zero Dark Thirty") as FBI Agent John Connolly; Oscar nominee Benedict Cumberbatch ("The Imitation Game") as Whitey's brother, Billy Bulger; Rory Cochrane ("Argo") as Steve Flemmi, another member of the Irish mob; Jesse Plemons (TV's "Fargo") as Whitey's longtime partner in crime, Kevin Weeks; and Kevin Bacon ("Crazy, Stupid, Love." TV's "The Following") as FBI Agent Charles McGuire.
In 1970s South Boston, FBI Agent John Connolly (Edgerton) persuades Irish mobster James "Whitey" Bulger (Depp) to collaborate with the FBI and eliminate a common enemy: the Italian mob. The drama tells the story of this unholy alliance, which spiraled out of control, allowing Whitey to evade law enforcement, consolidate power, and become one of the most ruthless and powerful gangsters in Boston history.
Cooper directed "Black Mass" from a screenplay by Mark Mallouk and Jez Butterworth, based on the book by Dick Lehr and Gerard O'Neill. John Lesher, Brian Oliver, Scott Cooper, Patrick McCormick and Tyler Thompson produced the film, with Brett Ratner, James Packer, Peter Mallouk, Ray Mallouk, Christopher Woodrow, Brett Granstaff, Gary Granstaff, Phil Hunt and Compton Ross serving as executive producers. The film also stars Dakota Johnson ("Fifty Shades of Grey") as Lindsey Cyr, Whitey's former girlfriend and mother of his only child; Julianne Nicholson ("August: Osage County") as John Connolly's wife, Marianne; and Adam Scott (ABC's "Parks and Recreation") as FBI Agent Robert Fitzpatrick. Rounding out the main cast are David Harbour ("End of Watch"), Brad Carter (HBO's "True Detective"), W Earl Brown ("Draft Day") and Corey Stoll ("The Bourne Legacy").
The behind-the-scenes creative team was led by director of photography Masanobu Takayanagi ("Silver Linings Playbook," "Out of the Furnace"), production designer Stefania Cella ("The Great Beauty"), Oscar-nominated editor David Rosenbloom ("The Insider"), and costume designer Kasia Walicka-Maimone ("Foxcatcher").
Warner Bros. Pictures presents, in association with Cross Creek Pictures and RatPac-Dune Entertainment, a Cross Creek Pictures Production in association with Le Grisbi Productions, Free State Pictures and Head Gear Films, a Scott Cooper Film, "Black Mass." Slated for release worldwide beginning September 18, 2015, the film will be distributed by Warner Bros. Pictures, a Warner Bros. Entertainment Company.
This is the talk I will present to the 8th International Conference on Clifford Algebras in Campinas, Brazil. The new two limit quaternion derivative definition has a real directional derivative for classical physics, and the norm of a derivative for quantum mechanics.
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