Judges at Utrecht District Court also placed Laura Dekker under the guardianship of child protection authorities until next July.
The ruling on Friday means Laura can keep living with her father but her parents must consult child protection authorities about all major decisions in her life and she cannot begin her planned solo trip.
Judges said plans to ensure Laura's safety on the voyage were insufficient for them to let her set sail.
After a closed court hearing on Monday, the teenager said she plans to wait until next May, after school ends, to embark on the voyage.
Dekker was not in court Friday.