King delivered a lecture at the University of Oslo, Norway, on Dec.
11, 1964, the day after receiving the Nobel Peace Prize. He argued that
progress in science and technology has not been equaled by “moral
progress” — instead, humanity is suffering from a “moral and spiritual
At 35, King was then the youngest recipient
of the Nobel Peace Prize. He was recognized for using nonviolent
methods, including civil disobedience and the boycott (as well as the
power of his oratory), to fight racial segregation and advance the civil rights movement in the United States.
King, a Baptist minister who was the son of a Baptist minister,
preached that material advancement was meaningless without an
accompanying moral structure. A visit with Mahatma Gandhi’s family on a
trip to India only reinforced this conviction, while at the same time
strengthening King’s commitment to nonviolence as an instrument of
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