The facsimile of U.S. "growth" now depends entirely on Central State manipulation and stimulus of risk trades and financial slight-of-hand.
The U.S. economy has become increasingly dependent on asset bubbles, financial legerdemain, credit expansion, Federal borrowing and the manipulation of risk trades to maintain the illusion of "growth." Compared to an economy based on organic demand and productive growth, the current U.S. economy is a travesty of a mockery of a sham, and has been since 2001.
There are a number of factors at work, but let's start with two: the ratchet effect, and the Keynesian Project.
In the ratchet effect, increases are easy and resistance-free: it's incredibly easy to hire more employees in bureaucracies, for example. But once the ratchet has advanced, it is nearly impossible to return to the previous tooth in the gear.
So for a city government to expand payroll from 10,000 to 20,000 employees was effortless, to reduce a 20,000 person payroll back to 10,000 is exceedingly painful.
The ratchet effect is a key feature of addiction. When one beer no longer creates a "buzz," then the consumer drinks two, and so on, until a six-pack is the new baseline. Below that level of consumption, the addict gets panicky, for the entire necessity of creating a buzz is at risk of catastrophic failure.
The U.S. economy is now addicted via the ratchet effect to unprecedented levels of Federal borrowing and Federal Reserve credit creation and manipulation. Let's set aside the fact that America's Central State has by some calculations guaranteed some $13 trillion in private financial assets via TARP, AIG's backstop, the takeover of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, etc.--roughly the size of the entire GDP of the nation.