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Graphene heterostructures may lead to graphene-based computer chips

• http://www.foresight.org, University of Manchester
 Wonder material graphene has been touted as the next silicon, with one major problem—it is too conductive to be used in computer chips. Now scientists from The University of Manchester have given its prospects a new lifeline.

In a paper published this week in Science [abstract], a Manchester team lead by Nobel laureates Professor Andre Geim and Professor Konstantin Novoselov has literally opened a third dimension in graphene research. Their research shows a transistor that may prove the missing link for graphene to become the next silicon.

 Graphene—one atomic plane of carbon—is a remarkable material with endless unique properties, from electronic to chemical and from optical to mechanical.

One of many potential applications of graphene is its use as the basic material for computer chips instead of silicon. This potential has alerted the attention of major chip manufactures, including IBM, Samsung, Texas Instruments and Intel. Individual transistors with very high frequencies (up to 300 GHz) have already been demonstrated by several groups worldwide.

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