A lot of migrant workers who were originally living in rural areas move to urban cities of China for jobs opportunities. The big surplus of workers from this source drove economic growth in the past decades. Although demographic projection suggests that labour force will stop growing, which seems to imply labour shortage rather than surplus, job creation is a bigger task for the time being as the economy slows.
China Securities Journal reports that a lot of migrant workers are either preparing to go back home or have already done so. Traditionally, these workers go back to home before the Chinese New Year holiday, but this year is difference. According to the Journal, factory workers and construction workers from rural areas have left their urban homes in Zhejiang, Jiangsu and other provinces as jobs losses increase.