Paleolithic humans fire ceramic figures from clay, showing early aptitude in materials processing.
5,000 B.C.: People near modern-day Turkey learn they can not only extract liquid copper from malachite and azurite, but also cast it into various shapes.
2,000 B.C.: People in Anatolia and Persia begin producing iron from metal ores.
1750: Britain grants the first glue patent for an adhesive derived from fish. Cascades of natural and synthetic glues follow in its sticky footsteps.