That increase will start to wane almost as soon as it begins. The time it takes for food to pass through our digestive tracts varies widely. In general, the "colonic transit" of a meal takes between 20 and 56 hours.
Once you've metabolized and excreted your food and drink, how much remains in your body the next day? If you ate a very salty meal, you'll tend to retain water, and a greater proportion of the weight will linger on your frame. But that water weight, too, will disappear, leaving you with a tiny fraction of your Thanksgiving dinner as lasting weight gain. How much depends on the energy content of the foods consumed: A calorie-packed serving of stuffing will be more fattening than a tall glass of club soda. Excess calories are converted into fat to be used for energy in the future.