The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has decided to award the Nobel Prize in Physics 2016 with one half to David J. Thouless of University of Washington, Seattle, WA, and the other half to F. Duncan M. Haldane of Princeton University, NJ, and J. Michael Kosterlitz of Brown University, Providence, RI, "for theoretical discoveries of topological phase transitions and topological phases of matter."
They revealed the secrets of exotic matter
This year's Laureates opened the door on an unknown world where matter can assume strange states. They have used advanced mathematical methods to study unusual phases, or states, of matter, such as superconductors, superfluids or thin magnetic films. Thanks to their pioneering work, the hunt is now on for new and exotic phases of matter. Many people are hopeful of future applications in both materials science and electronics.