Today, most computers use random access memory (RAM), which moves very quickly as a user works but does not retain unsaved data if power is lost. Flash drives, on the other hand, store information when they are not powered but work much slower. Memristors could provide a memory that is the best of both worlds: fast and reliable.
Recently, two-dimensional (2D) atomic sheets have inspired new ideas in nanoscience including topologically protected charge transport spatially separated excitons and strongly anisotropic heat transport. Here, we report the intriguing observation of stable nonvolatile resistance switching (NVRS) in single-layer atomic sheets sandwiched between metal electrodes. NVRS is observed in the prototypical semiconducting (MX2, M = Mo, W; and X = S, Se) transitional metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) which alludes to the universality of this phenomenon in TMD monolayers and offers forming-free switching.