This is the Axis of Gold.
This gold-based payments system will dilute and ultimately eliminate the impact of U.S. dollar-based sanctions.
Gold offers adversaries significant defenses against these dollar-based sanctions. Gold is physical, not digital, so it cannot be hacked or frozen. Gold is easy to transport by air to settle balance of payments or other transactions between nations.
Gold flows cannot be interdicted at SWIFT, the international payment system. Gold is fungible and non-traceable (it is an element, atomic number 79), so its origin cannot be ascertained.
We have a lot of data to support the claim that the Axis of Gold exists and is gaining strength.
We know that for example, Russia has tripled its gold reserves in the last ten years. It's gone from about 600 tons to over 1800 tons of physical gold, and is moving very quickly towards 2,000 tons. That's an enormous amount of gold.