In the 1950s, the United States insisted the Soviet Union was a dire threat to America. This wasn't even close to being true. This fallacy is disproven by a number of studies that show the economic growth of the Soviet Union was seriously hampered by the Second World War and despite a push for industrialization after the war it did not fully recover as late as 1961. In order to soften up the public and convince them a never-ending war against communism was required to protect America, a large propaganda effort was established. It focused primarily on children through comic books, schools, and textbooks. For adults, there were a number of films released that stoked paranoia of communist subversion. The Washington Post, at the time a conduit for CIA propaganda, cited these fictional reports and warned America would be reduced to a second-rate world power if it didn't start competing with the Soviets in ICBM technology. Now we have come full circle. Once again, Russia is the enemy, and so is China.