Yet, last Wednesday, almost two months after the Fed's initial intervention, the New York Federal Reserve pumped 62.5 billion dollars into the repo market.
The New York Fed continues these emergency interventions to ensure "cash shortages" among banks don't ever again cause interest rates for overnight loans to rise to over 10 percent, well above the Fed's target rate.
The Federal Reserve's bailout operations have increased its balance sheet by over 21 trillion dollars since September. Investment advisor Michael Pento describes the Fed's recent actions as Quantitative Easing (QE) "on steroids."
One cause of the repo market's sudden cash shortage was the large amount of debt instruments issued by the Treasury Department in late summer and early fall. Banks used resources they would normally devote to private sector lending and overnight loans to purchase these Treasury securities. This scenario will likely keep recurring as the Treasury Department will have to continue issuing new debt instruments to finance continuing increases in in government spending.
Even though the federal deficit is already over one trillion dollars (and growing), President Trump and Congress have no interest in cutting spending, especially in an election year. Should he win reelection, President Trump is unlikely to reverse course and champion fiscal restraint. Instead, he will likely take his victory as a sign that the people support big federal budgets and huge deficits. None of the leading Democratic candidates are even pretending to care about the deficit. Instead they are proposing increasing spending by trillions on new government programs.
Joseph Zidle, a strategist with the Blackstone investment firm, has called the government — or "sovereign" — debt bubble the "mother of all bubbles." When the sovereign debt bubble inevitably busts, it will cause a meltdown bigger than the 2008 crash.
US consumer debt — which includes credit cards, student loans, auto loans, and mortgages — now totals over 14 trillion dollars. This massive government and private debts put tremendous pressure on the Federal Reserve to keep interest rates low or even to "experiment" with negative rates. But, the Fed can only keep interest rates, which are the price of money, artificially low for so long without serious economic consequences.