These questions were the subject of a long phone call I placed to Prof. Mohammad Marandi of the University of Tehran – one of Iran's premier, globally recognized analysts.
As Marandi explains:
"Iran after the revolution was all about social justice. It set up a very elaborate health care network, similar to Cuba's, but with more funding. A large hospital network. When the coronavirus hit, the US was even preventing Iran to get test kits. Yet the system – not the private sector – managed. There was no full shutdown. Everything was under control. The numbers – even contested by the West – they do hold. Iran is now producing everything it needs, tests, face masks. None of the hospitals are full."
Expanding Marandi's observations, Tehran-based journalist Alireza Hashemi notes, "Iran's wide primary healthcare system, comprising public clinics, health houses and health centers is available in thousands of cities and villages", and that enabled the government to "easily offer basic services".