In this environment, prices may be vulnerable to "significant declines" should risk appetite fall, the Fed report noted.
"...should risk appetite decline from elevated levels, a broad range of asset prices could be vulnerable to large and sudden declines, which can lead to broader stress to the financial system."
Brainard and the report mentioned losses at banks stemming from dealings with Archegos Capital Management, and the governor called for "more granular, higher-frequency disclosures."
"Indicators pointing to elevated risk appetite in equity markets in early 2021 include the episodes of high trading volumes and price volatility for so-called meme stocks -- stocks that increased in trading volume after going viral on social media," the report said.
"Elevated equity issuance through SPACs also suggests a higher-than-typical appetite for risk among equity investors."
Not the normal 'modest', 'moderate', 'mediocre' statement we are used to.
The latest Financial Stability Report provides valuable analysis to track increases in financial system vulnerabilities. I would highlight a few areas.
Vulnerabilities associated with elevated risk appetite are rising. Valuations across a range of asset classes have continued to rise from levels that were already elevated late last year. Equity indices are setting new highs, equity prices relative to forecasts of earnings are near the top of their historical distribution, and the appetite for risk has increased broadly, as the "meme stock" episode demonstrated. Corporate bond markets are also seeing elevated risk appetite, and the spreads of lower quality speculative-grade bonds relative to Treasury yields are among the tightest we have seen historically. The combination of stretched valuations with very high levels of corporate indebtedness bear watching because of the potential to amplify the effects of a re-pricing event.