While this was originally written by Italian philosopher Giovanni Gentile, Benito Mussolini took this statement and made it his own
The word "fascism" gets tossed around a lot, but let's look at the history behind it so we can better understand this political movement. Mussolini used to confidently declare that the 20th century would be the century of fascism. And while he was roundly defeated in World War II, his ideology may have been the winner in the long run.
Fascism was never a well-developed school of thought, in the way Marxism and Leninism were. It emerged as a response to socialism in the aftermath of the First World War.