FEATURE ARTICLE

Israeli Supreme Court Strikes Down Settlements Regulation Law

Israeli Supreme Court Strikes Down Settlements Regulation Law
 
Stephen Lendman 
Date: 06-20-2020
Subject: Israel - Palestine

Israeli Supreme Court Strikes Down Settlements Regularization Law

by Stephen Lendman (stephenlendman.org - Home - Stephen Lendman)

In February 2017, Israel's Knesset adopted the controversial law, opposed by attorney general Mandelblit at the time.

It retroactively permits expropriation of privately owned Palestinian land for illegal settlement construction and other exclusive Jewish development, a flagrant breach of international law.

At the time, the Palestinian Center for Human Rights (PCHR) denounced the law, stressing it has no legal validity.

The Adalah Legal Center for Arab Minority Rights in Israel, the Jerusalem Legal Aid and Human Rights Center (JLAC), and Al Mezan Center for Human Rights condemned the law, a joint statement, saying:

"International law explicitly forbid(s) construction of settlements and the transfer of the occupying power's civilian population into occupied territory." 

The Settlements Regularization Law authorizes "a war crime. International law specifically bans harm to Palestinian property in the West Bank for the purposes of development and expansion of settlements."

Arguing for the law, the Netanyahu regime unjustifiably claimed it's justified because it's the "natural right" of Israeli Jews to live anywhere they wish in Judea and Samaria. 

It claimed Occupied Palestine isn't occupied. It's a "territory (Israel) took control of…in a defensive war from an illegal sovereign who unlawfully seized it; and that it – Israel – has convincing, well-founded legal arguments regarding it (sic)."

Under international law, the above argument has no legal validity.

The Netanyahu regime further argued that "the laws of occupation (i.e. the laws of belligerent occupation), both customary international law and treaty law do not, de jure apply to the reality of Israeli control over the area (sic)," adding:

"Israeli law allow(s) the military commander in the area (to act) as an agent of the state of Israel, (enforcing the) Knesset legislation (sic)."

On issues regarding Judea and Samaria land, Israel "is not subject to international law (sic)."

"The Knesset has never subordinated itself to…provisions of international law."

International law is clear and unequivocal. It prohibits an occupying power from exploiting or otherwise using controlled territory for its own purposes at the expense of its citizens and residents.

Historic Palestine belongs to Palestinians, especially privately owned land.

Israel's occupation of the West Bank, Jerusalem and Gaza is flagrantly illegal.

The Settlements Regularization Law instructs the West Bank military commander to expropriate private owned Palestinian land for exclusive use by Jewish settlers.

Legislation that never should have been drafted, let alone debated and passed, was struck down last week by Israel's Supreme Court by an 8 to 1 majority, Adalah saying the following:

"This is a significant achievement against (the Netanyahu regime's) threatened impending annexation of parts of the West Bank." 

"The Supreme Court decision stresses that the Knesset cannot legislate laws that violate international humanitarian law." 

"There exist no circumstances that justify the commission of war crimes – including the transfer of Israeli civilians to occupied Palestinian territory while stealing Palestinian land."

JLAC said the following in response to the High Court ruling:

"The challenge now is to follow up on the demolition of Israeli settlement construction built on private Palestinian land and ensure that these lands are returned to their owners – an undertaking that the Israeli state and military will make all efforts to block."

Israeli Supreme Court Chief Justice Esther Hayut, representing the majority view, said the Settlements Regularization Law "unequally infringes on the property rights of Palestinian residents while giving preference to the proprietary interests of Israeli settlers."

Expropriation of privately owned Palestinian land breaches the private property provision of Israel's Basic Law, the equivalent of US constitutional law.

A statement by Netanyahu's hard right Likud party contemptuously accused the High Court of intervening against "settlement activity and its future" — vowing to re-enact the law.

Likud's Blue & White coalition partner disagreed, saying:

The law "in its format runs counter to the constitutional situation in Israel, and its legal problems were known at the time of its approval."

"We respect the High Court's ruling and (will) ensure it is implemented."

Given Israel's long history of land theft and other breaches of international law, along with Netanyahu's vow to illegally annex Israeli settlements and the Jordan Valley, the chance for stolen Palestinian land being returned to its legal owners by law suits or other ways may be mission impossible.

A Final Comment

In 1979, Israel's Supreme Court ruled that land seizures by the state were legal because settlements enhance Israeli security — the Elon Moreh settlement ruling.

In response to petitioners against the ruling, including former IDF chief of staff Chaim Bar Lev, saying "Elon Moreh, to the best of my professional evaluation, does not contribute to Israel's security," the High Court reversed its initial ruling, ordering Elon Moreh land returned to its Palestinian owners.

An alternative site was chosen for the settlement on stolen Palestinian land.

In recent decades, especially post-Oslo (September 1993), military seizures of privately owned Palestinian land were used for settlements, closed military zones, Jews-only roads and commercial areas, tourist sites, no-go areas, and the Separation Wall — the revised Elon Moreh ruling ignored.

The High Court's Settlements Regularization Law ruling may only temporarily slow, not stop, Israeli seizures of Palestinian land.

The ethnic cleansing of historic Palestine began in 1947-48.

It continues over 70 years later — the world community doing nothing to stop it.

VISIT MY WEBSITE: stephenlendman.org (Home - Stephen Lendman). Contact at lendmanstephen@sbcglobal.net.

My two Wall Street books are timely reading:

"How Wall Street Fleeces America: Privatized Banking, Government Collusion, and Class War"

https://www.claritypress.com/product/how-wall-street-fleeces-america/

"Banker Occupation: Waging Financial War on Humanity"

https://www.claritypress.com/product/banker-occupation-waging-financial-war-on-humanity/