As part of a welcome to India as the newest interplanetary spacefaring nation, NASA Administrator Charles Bolden and K. Radhakrishnan, chairman of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), signed a pair of documents formally sealing agreements between the US and India for greater cooperation in the exploration of Mars and for a joint NASA-ISRO Earth observation mission later this decade.
The agreements were signed by the space agency heads in Toronto while attending the International Astronautical Congress. The first agreement sets up a NASA-ISRO Mars Working Group, which will meet once a year. Its task is to identify programs and scientific and technological goals that NASA and ISRO have in common for the exploration of Mars, as well as the possibility of future joint missions to the Red Planet. One example of this is potentially sharing observations and analysis from their MAVENand MOM space probes.