On February 12, AFP headlined, 'Euphoria sweeps Arab cities as Mubarak ousted," saying:
As news spread, jubilant crowds responded. "Across the Middle East and north Africa, loudspeakers on mosques called on citizens to rejoice in their own cities....In Lebanon, where the Cairo protests (were) reminiscent of mass anti-Syrian" 2005 demonstrations, "convoys bearing Egyptian flags blared their horns as fireworks went off across the country." Thousands came out to celebrate, a scene repeated in many Arab countries.
Hezbollah and Hamas observed Egypt's "historic victory." Crowds turned out in Beirut, across Lebanon, and "en masse (throughout) Gaza....joyfully shooting in the air and honking their car horns." Hamas' armed wing, the Ezzedine Al-Qassam Brigades, also rallied in support.
Despite Israeli and PA security forces banning anti-Mubarak demonstrations, Palestinians celebrated across the West Bank. In Ramallah, hundreds turned out, waving flags, cheering Egypt's people. Activist Saed Karazon told AFP:
"What happened in Egypt is not only for the Egyptian people, it is for all Arabs. The whole Arab world is going to change."
Tunisia had a carnival-like atmosphere, crowds out in streets dancing and chanting joyously. A student named Nourredine said:
"It's wonderful! Two dictators have fallen in less than a month." Many more are left, however, and major hurdles remain against very long odds. Yet activism at times prevails when enough sustained pressure accepts nothing less than real change. Letting up, however, assures defeat against powerful dark forces giving nothing unless forced.
Tunis activists called on Algerians to topple their president, Abdelaziz Bouteflika, chanting, "One, two, three, viva L'Algerie," unmindful that the country's military has supreme power, and isn't shy about using it brutally.
Although Yemenis want their president ousted, thousands celebrated with Egyptians waving flags, carrying banners, and chanting:
"Yesterday Tunisia, today Egypt, and tomorrow Yemenis will break their chains."
Jordanians also gathered outside Cairo's embassy, exchanging sweets and flowers as well as setting off fireworks, saying:
"Long live Egypt, goodbye Mubarak. The people have toppled the regime. Who is next?" They want their own regime change and still protest for it.
In Qatari's capital Doha, Al Jazeera's home city, thousands also celebrated, singing Egypt's national anthem and chanting, "Long live Egypt. Egypt is free, the thieves are gone," for the moment unmindful that struggles everywhere need sustained pressure to succeed, and Egypt's just began.
Even Saudis Are Worried
On February 13, Arutz Sheva, Israel National News' Hillel Fendel headlined, "First Ever: Political Party in Saudi Arabia," saying:
Perhaps fearing its own uprising, the Kingdom's government (unchanged since its 1932 founding) "react(ed) to the winds of change blowing throughout the Arab Middle East. For the first time, a political party has been established - and though it has not yet received official government approval," it asked King Abdullah to allow it.
Saudi's Kingdom "revolves politically around the royal Al-Saud family in many ways," headed by:
-- King Abdullah in charge; he's also Prime Minister and Commander of the National Guard;
-- Deputy Prime Minister Sultan bin Abd al-Aziz Al-Saud is Crown Prince, next in the line of succession; and
-- Second Deputy Prime Minister Nayif bin Abd Al-Aziz Al-Saud follows.
Supported by lawyers, businessmen, and others, Saudi's new Islamic Nation Party is a first. Saying it will work for political reform and human rights, it stressed that the "regime need not fear the democratic spirit overtaking the Arab world."
Up to now and unless changed, King Abdullah appoints a Cabinet of Ministers every four years, including many royal family members. No elections are held. In 2006, a committee of Saudi princes was established to serve unspecified future selection functions after Crown Prince Sultan becomes king. A 150-member Consultative Council also exists, headed by a royal appointed chairman to serve four years.
In 2003, the Council of Ministers said future Consultative Council elections would be held. None have been so far although some municipal ones were held in 2005. The Center for Democracy and Human Rights in Saudi Arabia supports democratic governance, so far absent in the Kingdom under royal family rule. Who knows if change will come. Since mid-January, anything is possible even against long odds, including in Occupied Palestine.
Palestinians Celebrate Mubarak's Ouster
Gazans chanted "Masr, Masr, Masr, Masr," Arabic for Egypt. Along Umar al-Mukhtar, its main thoroughfare, hundreds of Egyptian flags were displayed, adults and children enjoying a rare moment of relief honking horns, launching fireworks, exchanging sweets, and sharing Abu Mustafa's joy, saying:
"I am so happy. This is a day that we have awaited for so long as (Mubarak's) regime weakened the standing of the Arab nation and its own people in the face of the Israeli occupation. I would like to congratulate our Egyptian brothers and sisters on this remarkable and historic day as their will has emerged victorious. I pray that such a victory of the people will be repeated across the Arab and Islamic worlds and that all regimes like (Mubarak's) will step down."
With no accompanying text, the Los Angeles Times headlined, "Palestinians celebrate Mubarak's ouster," displaying an image only of hundreds rallying in Ramallah, waving Egyptian flags in celebration.
On February 13, Haaretz writer Jack Khoury headlined, "Israeli Arabs call for a democratic Mideast in wake of Mubarak ouster," saying:
Israeli Arabs celebrated with "fireworks, gunshots fired in the air, sweets and shows of solidarity....Arab towns and villages across the country (rallied) in a spontaneous grassroots response."
In Nazareth, hundreds of Balad party members gathered in support of Egyptian and Tunisian uprisings, saying rallies were planned last week. After Mubarak stepped down, they celebrated joyously, believing events throughout the region strengthen their own self-determination dreams.
Hadash party members also rallied in solidarity, its statement calling Egypt's uprising a historic moment when mass protests challenged a dictator and prevailed, saying:
"The Egyptian people made its statement, and this is a call to all Arab nations to arise, in the name of democracy and freedom."
Ta'al party members issued a statement congratulating Egyptians, saying:
"Let us hope that these values will conquer regimes in our region which (now) oppress their citizens," implying but not mentioning Israel.
A Gaza City rally heard speakers say: "The people want to bring Abbas down." Although Hamas restricted anti-Mubarak protests, it joined others celebrating his ouster. It also asked Egyptian authorities to open Rafah's crossing permanently as a first step to breaking Israel's siege. So far it remains closed except for intermittent openings.
Egyptian Expatriates Celebrate
On February 12, Reuters headlined, "Egyptians all over the world celebrate Mubarak's ouster," saying:
"From New York hookah lounges to London streets, (they) joined their countrymen in celebrating the fall of" Egypt's hated despot. Around 200 gathered outside Egypt's London embassy beating drums, dancing, hugging, and chanting, "Bye bye Mubarak" before marching through streets.
"In New York, dozens of people blocked streets in" Queens, waving Egyptian flags and banners saying, "Congratulations to Egyptian youth, your dreams came true."
In Berlin, about 300 expats rallied at the Brandenburg Gate, where East and West Berliners celebrated breaching the Berlin Wall 21 years earlier in November 1989.
Nonetheless, some expats expressed caution, in London, Sayed Galal speaking for others said:
"We're happy but also scared. We're hoping that finally we'll get someone who serves the people before himself. This is the most dangerous time for Egypt."
Imad Abu Othham agreed saying, "Saddam went, and what did we get?"
Anger was also expressed by how Washington reacted. In New York, Mariam Allam said:
"I was extremely disappointed in the way Obama and Clinton handled the situation. America is a democracy. It should have stayed by the people (from) day one. For me, it tainted the reputation of America."
New York "On the Nile" cafe owner, Hamdi Hamza agreed, saying, "The Egyptian people love the American people but why did America stand by Israel and forget the Arabic people."
A Final Comment
Over the weekend, Egyptians and others globally celebrated. Today they awakened to the cold reality of a new dawn. On February 14, Reuters headlined, "Army orders last protesters out of Egypt's Tahrir," saying:
Those remaining "were cordoned by military police and soldiers on Monday, and they said they had been told by the army to leave the square or face arrest....Witnesses said military police in red berets had surrounded the protesters, supported by scores of soldiers."
On February 13, London Guardian writer Chris McGreal headlined, "Egypt's military rejects swift transfer of power and suspends the constitution," saying:
Its leadership "rejected the demands of pro-democracy protesters for a swift transfer of power to a civilian administration, saying it intends to rule by martial law until elections are held."
A forthcoming article discusses more. For now, understand that martial law is extremely dangerous, an authoritarian last resort measure. It means government by military rule, suspension of civil liberty rights, and force instead of rule of law protections accompanied by unrestrained harshness against dissent. If maintained, promises so far made may again go unfulfilled, what many pro-democracy supporters fear.
Stephen Lendman lives in Chicago and can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org. Also visit his blog site at sjlendman.blogspot.com and listen to cutting-edge discussions with distinguished guests on the Progressive Radio News Hour on the Progressive Radio Network Thursdays at 10AM US Central time and Saturdays and Sundays at noon. All programs are archived for easy listening.