The Fed upped the interest it pays on excess reserves to 1.95% today. This is free money (taxpayer funded) to banks.
The Fed bumped up the interest it pays on excess reserves today to 1.95%. Currently, excess reserves sit at $1.894 trillion.
The math is simple enough. At the current rate, the Fed will hand over approximately $36.93 billion of taxpayer money to banks. That assumes the status quo, but things will change.
The Fed is shrinking its balance sheet slowly. That reduces excess reserves the Fed pays interest rates on.
When the Fed hikes interest rates, it also increases the interest it pays on excess reserves.
The first point acts to reduce free money, the second acts to increase free money.
Note to ECB
If you want to recapitalize Italian banks, just give them free money instead of your profit-reducing policy of holding rates negative.
Yes! Otherwise the Fed would return this money to the US Treasury.
Some claim free money is paying banks to not lend. The claim is fallacious. Banks do not lend from excess reserves.