Ordinarily whenever an individual wants to borrow money for a mortgage, the bank conducts due diligence... both on the borrower as well as the property.
It's in the banks' interest (as well as the banks' depositors) to ensure that the property is at least worth as much as the amount being borrowed. Duh.
Congress doesn't agree. Apparently when banks conduct property appraisals, that seems to unfairly discriminate against some segment of the population trying to buy crap properties.
And we certainly can't have that going on in the Land of the Free.
So with HR 5148, Congress aims to exempt certain 'higher-risk mortgages' from property appraisal requirements.
Curiously, this legislation reverses several provisions in the 1968 'Truth in Lending Act'.