The 'transient luminous lunar phenomena' occur several times a week and illuminate parts of the moon's landscape for a brief period of time before disappearing.
Sometimes, a reverse effect which causes the lunar surface to darken has also been observed.
Although there are several theories about the lunar mystery lights' origins, they have not yet been fully explained.
Now astronomers from Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg (JMU) in Bavaria, Germany have set up a telescope which will use artificial intelligence to automatically detect the flashes.
When a burst of light is spotted, the telescope will then collect video or photographs of the phenomena which will be studied to help scientists understand the flashes.
'The so-called transient lunar phenomena have been known since the 1950s, but they have not been sufficiently systematically and long-term observed,' said Hakan Kayal, professor of space technology.
Kayal has a hypothesis about what's causing the longer-lasting flashes and hopes to prove this theory.
'Seismic activities were also observed on the moon,' the professor added.