Since 2002, Thomson Reuters has correctly predicted 35 Nobel Prize winners using algorithms that mine the scientific literature for highly-cited authors. This year's selection includes seven scientists who are revolutionizing our understanding of pain and disease.
Taking The Heat Out Of Pain
Bite into a hot chili pepper, and your mouth floods with a throbbing heat. The reason we feel both pain and warmth when we eat spicy foods is surprisingly simple: The cells that respond to chili peppers' active compound register their sometimes-painful spiciness in the same way they register heat.
Physiologist David Julius, who discovered the phenomenon at his lab at the University of California, San Francisco, is using his findings to come up with new ways to treat pain.